In accordance with OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.178, the employer shall ensure that each powered industrial truck (forklift) operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely, as demonstrated by the successful completion of training and evaluation.

Hazards associated with forklift operation include, but are not limited to: floor surfaces and/or ground conditions, load stability, load weight, unsecured loads, material stacking, visibility, blind spots, pedestrian traffic, inadequate forklift maintenance, improper attachment use, overhead obstructions, fueling/recharging, speed, turning/maneuvering, and operating on an incline.

Our forklift training program provides the required classroom and hands-on training and will address:

  • operating instructions, warnings, and precautions;
  • forklift controls, engine, and motor operations;
  • steering, maneuvering, loading, and unloading;
  • capacity and stability;
  • inspection and maintenance; and
  • refueling and/or charging of batteries.

Practical (hands-on) training must occur at the location where the forklift will be used with the actual truck the employee will operate.

Certification cards, valid for 3 calendar years, will be provided upon completion of this training.

Forklifts must also be inspected before being placed in service, and shall not be placed in service if the inspection shows any condition adversely affecting the safety of the vehicle. This inspection involves both a visual and operational check. Such inspection shall be made at least daily. Where industrial trucks are used on a round-the-clock basis, they shall be inspected after each shift. Defects, when found, shall be immediately reported and corrected. Examples of forklift inspection items include: tire assessment; fluid leaks, audible signals, indicator/flashing lights, horn, seatbelt, brakes and travel controls, chains, cables, and hoses.

Additionally, the employer must maintain informational components for each forklift, including: operating manuals, name plates/data plates, and warning labels.

EDMC Safety and Health offers a compliance program to bring your organization into conformity with the required elements of the OSHA Powered Industrial Truck Standard.

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